Scaling Mount Everest is the most thrilling and remarkable achievement. But it is a very dangerous task. Climbers have to reach the most dangerous part of the mountain to scale, Everest. It is named the “death zone.” Climbers have to allow their bodies time to accommodate higher altitudes in order to prepare. As a result, they usually spend several weeks climbing Mount Everest. They take breaks every few thousand feet. They entered the death zone when they reached 8,000 meters.
The level of oxygen in the environment’s atmosphere drops by 40% at that altitude above sea level. This makes it tough for the human body to obtain the necessary oxygen. When combined with the physical exertion of climbing the mountain, this can be fatal. Climbers have described the experience as doing an intense treadmill run while breathing through a straw.
Each cell in our body needs oxygen for proper functioning. As a result, the death zone’s low oxygen content makes it extremely dangerous. It can be harmful to the human body.
One of these is brain swelling. This could result in high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). HACE can result in nausea and vomiting. It can also cause difficulty thinking, which is even more dangerous. Climbers in the death zone may lose track of time or experience hallucinations. This can make a dangerous climb even more dangerous.
In the death zone, many climbers suffer from HAPE. In many scientific discussions, HAPE is likely to occur above 6000 meters. So dangers of HAPE are persistent way before the death zone.
Fluid in the lungs, fatigue, and weakness are all symptoms of HAPE. Climbers suffering from HAPE may also experience suffocation, sudden lapse to coma, or even death.
Snow blindness and frostbite are two other dangers posed by the death zone. Snow blindness is a condition of temporarily losing vision caused by snow and ice glare. Any exposed skin can become frostbite. The temperatures on Mount Everest are cold enough to freeze skin instantly.
Such life-threatening dangers are limited to those who scale Everest. People wishing to explore the region that houses Everest do not need to fret. You have several options to explore the Everest region without considering the death zone.
The Everest Base Camp trek is one of those options. Although Everest Base Camp is moderately strenuous, it is not very dangerous. You might have AMS or minute cases of HAPE that will occur during the Everest Base Camp trek. AMS and HAPE are low-level altitude sicknesses. They are not as life threatening as HACE. They also can be mitigated very easily. This is because the highest point of the EBC trek is at Kala Patthar at 5,644 meters.
Trekking to the base camp and Kala Patthar can see the wonderful Everest regions. The Everest region experience can be immaculate without having to scale it.
The likelihood of snowblindness, frostbite, and other cold hazards is also less. The EBC trek has several accommodations en route. You will have plenty of warm and cozy tea houses and hotels. You can rest and continue your trek the next day if you wish to. Such comfort is not available while scaling the mountain.